Air rifles have been the go-to choice for many hunters and target shooters for decades. Air rifles have become an increasingly popular tool for hunting small game and varmints, but understanding the different velocity levels is key to ensure a humane kill.
But what exactly is air rifle velocity?
The correct combination of air rifle velocity, weight of the pellet, and the type of game being hunted will determine which pellets are suitable for a successful hunt.
In this blog post, we’ll break down what air rifle velocity is and how you can use it to your advantage when shooting.
What is Air Rifle Velocity?
Air rifle velocity is measured in feet per second (FPS) and refers to how fast a pellet leaves the barrel of an air rifle.
The higher the velocity, the faster and farther a pellet can travel. This means that higher velocities are usually preferred by hunters and target shooters who want more accuracy and power.
Generally speaking, most air rifles range from 500-1000 FPS. Of course, this can depend on many factors such as the caliber of the gun, barrel length, and type of ammunition used.
How Is Air Rifle Velocity Measured?
Air rifle velocity is typically measured using a chronograph, which is a device that measures the speed of pellets as they leave the barrel of an airgun. Chronographs are relatively inexpensive and come in both wired and wireless versions. They’re also easy to use; just set up the chronograph near your shooting area, place your target on it, and fire away! The chronograph will then measure each shot’s velocity and give you an accurate reading in either fps or m/s.
How Does Air Rifle Velocity Affect Performance?
The higher the velocity of an airgun, the more power it has. Higher velocities also make it easier to maintain accuracy over long distances since there’s less drop-off in trajectory due to gravity over time. Air rifles with higher velocities tend to be louder than those with lower velocities, however, so be sure to take this into account when choosing an airgun for hunting or target shooting.
Different Velocity Levels To Kill Different Games
When choosing an air rifle for hunting small game or varmints, it’s important to understand that each species has its own ideal velocity requirement for humane kills. For example, if you are hunting rabbits or squirrels then a muzzle velocity between 600-800 FPS is suitable; however if you are hunting larger game like coyotes or foxes then you will need a higher muzzle velocity between 900-1000 FPS or even higher depending on distance and terrain conditions. To ensure a quick kill with minimal suffering you should always use pellets with enough power to penetrate into vital organs rather than just wounding them.
In addition to power and penetration, it’s important to choose pellets that match your gun’s caliber size and barrel length so they fit properly in the barrel without getting stuck while firing. For instance .177 pellets work best in .177 caliber rifles while .22 pellets work best in .22 caliber rifles–using the wrong size pellet can cause damage to your gun or reduce accuracy after multiple shots due to too much friction from improper fitment.
Understanding air rifle velocity is essential for any hunter or target shooter looking to get maximum performance out of their gun. By understanding how velocities are measured and how they affect performance, you can ensure that you’re getting the most out of your gun while still keeping safety in mind. With enough practice, you’ll be able to maximize your performance with any type of airgun—no matter what its velocity may be!